Peanuts

Peanuts are a legume, contrary to what is commonly classified by people as one of the nuts, as peanuts and other legumes grow underground and not on trees like other nuts.

Peanut damage

Peanuts are a good source of nutrients, and their origins go back to South America, and they have been used to make many products; It is available in the market in several forms, such as oil, flour, and protein, and is included in a variety of products and foods, such as sweets, cakes, snacks, and sauces.


Peanut damage

Despite the many benefits of peanuts, they may cause a number of harms, despite their good content of protein, fiber, vitamins, and minerals, but there are some concerns about the possibility of contamination with one of the types of toxic substances produced by fungi such as aflatoxin.

We also cannot neglect the risks that may occur in the long term as a result of eating large quantities of it, as it contains a large amount of omega-6 fatty acid, which is linked to inflammation and increases the risk of heart disease.

Here is an explanation for that:


Aflatoxin toxicity

Peanuts grow underground, allowing colonies of Aspergillus fungi to emerge and grow, which is a source of toxic and carcinogenic aflatoxins. Studies have shown that these compounds are linked to liver cancer, stunted growth in children, and mental retardation.

It should be noted that passing peanuts through the processes in which their butter is manufactured eliminates 89% of the aflatoxin.

Allergy

Peanuts are one of the most food allergens, and a group of symptoms associated with this type of allergy may begin to appear, such as skin irritation, difficulty breathing, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, and the frequency of these symptoms may increase, causing blood pressure to begin to drop, in addition to a rapid pulse. And there may be loss of consciousness, and other symptoms that are severe and life-threatening, which indicate a type of hypersensitivity known as anaphylaxis, so people with peanut allergy should avoid eating it or eating it. any of its products.


Obstruction of the absorption of some nutrients

Peanuts contain a number of compounds that act as antinutrients, which in turn reduce the absorption of some nutrients and reduce their nutritional value. Phytic acid, which impairs the absorption of iron and zinc in the digestive system, is one of The most abundant of these compounds in peanuts, knowing that its large consumption may contribute to a deficiency in these minerals over time, and it is reported that its proportion ranges between 0.2-4.5% in peanuts, and this problem appears clearly in those who rely heavily on grains Or legumes as a major food source, especially in developing countries, because of the naturally occurring phytic acid in these species.


Peanut Benefits

In addition to the delicious taste of peanuts, it has many nutrients, such as protein, healthy fats, and many vitamins and minerals, which gives it several benefits, the most important of which are:

  • Peanuts are rich in monounsaturated fats, which help lower the level of bad cholesterol (LDL), which reduces the risk of heart disease and stroke.
  • Peanuts contain a high percentage of antioxidants, such as coumaric acid and resveratrol, and studies indicate that it contains as many antioxidants as strawberries and other fruits, but most of them are found in the peel. One of the most important antioxidants found in peanuts is vitamin E, as studies indicate that it reduces the risk of coronary heart disease and cancer, and there is preliminary evidence indicating It may reduce cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease patients.
  • It is a rich source of folate, which is considered one of the B vitamins, and it is very important for pregnant women, as the lack of this vitamin during pregnancy exposes the fetus to the risk of developing neural tube defects, such as cracking of the spine Spina bifida.
  •  Peanuts contain a high percentage of proteins, which maintain healthy bones, skin, hair, muscles, and cartilage.

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