Allergy symptoms and prevention


Allergy symptoms and prevention

Allergy is a common health problem, which is an allergic immune reaction, as a result of the entry of a foreign body known as allergens into the human body, which provokes an allergic reaction from By the immune system, and the body’s response to these substances varies from one person to another, and allergic diseases are more common in children, but some of these diseases may disappear with age, and some people can develop an allergy to a particular substance after puberty, although these diseases do not cause The substance was previously allergic to them, and although most types of allergies are accompanied by mild or moderate symptoms, they may be annoying at times or dangerous, and it is worth noting that most types of allergies can be treated or controlled effectively.

allergy symptoms

Symptoms of allergies depend on the type of allergen, it may affect the skin, respiratory system, or digestive system, and its severity ranges from mild to severe or life-threatening in some cases, such as anaphylaxis, and the following is a statement of some allergy symptoms based on its type:

  • Allergic rhinitis: This type of allergy is also called hay fever. The symptoms associated with this type of allergy are:
  • Conjunctivitis, which is red and swollen eyes.
  • Suffering from sneezing.
  • Itchy nose, eyes, or roof of the throat.
  • Runny or stuffy nose.
  • Food allergy: This type of allergy occurs as a result of eating a food that contains an allergen, and the accompanying symptoms include the following:
  • Swelling in the face, lips, tongue, and throat.
  • Feeling of numbness in the mouth.
  • Chills.
  • Allergic shock.
  • Atopic dermatitis: This type of allergy is also called atopic eczema, and it is a type of allergic disease that affects the skin, and leads to redness, scaling, and itching of the patient.
  • Drug allergy: It is the sensitivity resulting from taking a particular drug, and the symptoms associated with this type of allergy include:
  • Chills.
  • A whistling sound comes out of the chest.
  • Facial swelling.
  • Skin rash.
  • Suffering from itchy skin.
  • Allergic shock.
  • Insect sting allergy: This type of allergy is accompanied by a number of different symptoms, including the following:
  • Suffering from coughing, shortness of breath, wheezing and feeling tight in the chest.
  • Itching and chills all over the body.
  • Noticeable swelling of the skin in the area of ​​the insect bite.
  • Allergic shock.
  • Allergic shock: It is one of the serious health conditions that require immediate medical intervention, and it occurs as a result of a severe allergic reaction to one of the different allergens, and the symptoms associated with this case include the following:
  • feeling dizzy
  • Skin rash.
  • Increased heart rate and weak pulse.
  • Unconsciousness.
  • Suffering from a drop in blood pressure.
  • Feeling very short of breath.
  • Suffering from nausea and vomiting.

Allergy prevention

Although measures to prevent allergic diseases depend on the type of the cause and the nature of the disease, there are some general measures that can reduce the chance of developing allergies, including the following:

  1. Writing down the allergens: Determining the activities the person does, the type of food he eats, and other factors help determine the cause of the allergy and the nature of the substance that leads to the allergy.
  2. Wearing a medical alert bracelet: Wearing a bracelet on the hand, or a necklace, indicating that a person has a type of severe allergic disease helps to easily identify his condition and be assisted by the people around him in the event of a severe allergic reaction and his inability to communicate and seek help.
  3. Avoid exposure to allergens: Avoiding exposure to allergens helps reduce the chance of an allergic reaction, such as staying indoors and closing windows during pollen, and avoiding exposure to dirt and dust if a person is allergic to pollen.

Allergy diagnosis

The allergic disease can be diagnosed by asking the doctor some questions related to the details of exposure to allergies, such as the symptoms and signs associated with allergies, and the type of food that a person eats in the event of a suspicion of food allergy. The doctor asks to do some different diagnostic tests according to the case, and the diagnostic tests that are done to detect infection with one of the types of allergic diseases include the following:

  • Skin test: During this test, a person’s skin is pricked or scratched with some substances classified as allergens, and if an allergic reaction occurs in the pricked area, this indicates that the patient has an allergy.
  • Blood test: It is a test that detects an antibody called immunoglobulin E (IgE), which is the antibody responsible for an allergic reaction in the body. It is called a radioallergosorbent test. Where a sample of a person's blood is taken and sent to the laboratory to be exposed to some allergens, in order to determine the type of allergy.

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