How do I know that I have anemia


Anemia is defined as a condition in which there are not enough healthy red blood cells needed to carry oxygen to parts of the body, so the person feels tired and exhausted, and there are many types of anemia that depend on the cause, and the incidence of anemia may be moderate. or severe, and in case of suspicion of anemia, you should consult a doctor; Because this could be a sign of a serious illness. It should be noted that the necessary treatments for anemia vary and range from taking nutritional supplements to performing surgical operations, and some types of anemia can be forestalled by sticking to a solid and adjusted eating regimen.

How do I know that I have anemia

How to know if you have anemia Symptoms of anemia

A normal person feels tired and tired after a full day's work or after strenuous exercise, but people with anemia feel it after a short period of exertion; Because the cells of their bodies are in dire need of oxygen. As for the symptoms of anemia, they are initially mild and unclear, especially when the anemia is mild or moderate, as the human body has the ability to adapt to and compensate for the lack of oxygen, but when the anemia is severe, the symptoms become more clear and the body becomes less able to adapt. With a lack of oxygen, these symptoms include:

  • Suffering from shortness of breath.
  • feeling dizzy
  • Cold hands and feet.
  • Rapid and irregular heartbeat.
  • Feeling of soreness in the chest.
  • Paleness and yellowing of the skin.
  • Suffering from insomnia.
  • Anorexia.

Diagnosis of anemia

The doctor examines the patient, notes the symptoms, and asks about the patient’s family history. When he suspects that he has anemia, he orders some tests to confirm that, including these tests:

  • Complete blood count: CBC Complete Blood Count, which shows the number and size of red blood cells, as well as the amount of hemoglobin present in them.
  • Blood iron level and serum ferritin level, which are indicators of the total iron stores in the body.
  • Vitamin B12 and folate levels: and other vitamins necessary for the production of red blood cells.

Causes of anemia

Iron extracted from food, in addition to vitamin B12 and folic acid, are essential elements for the maturation of red blood cells in the body. It should be noted that the most common cause of anemia is iron deficiency. According to the World Health Organization, about 2 One billion people in the world are anemic, and many of them suffer from iron deficiency. Usually, about 0.8-1% of red blood cells change daily, and their average life is about 100-120 days. In general, any negative effect in this balance between the production of red blood cells and their breakdown leads to anemia, and accordingly, the causes are divided into Anemia is divided into two parts; The causes of decreased production of red blood cells, and the causes of increased red blood cell breakdown, and the following is a statement of the most important of these reasons:

  1. Causes of low red blood cell production: A deficiency in stimulating the production of red blood cells by the hormone erythropoietin: manufactured in the kidneys.
  2. Lack of food from the necessary elements such as iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid. Hypothyroidism.

  • Causes of increased red blood cell breakdown:
  • Bleeding from accidents or surgeries. Bleeding from childbirth or menstruation.
  • Disorders of the liver or spleen.
  •  Bone marrow fibrosis or scarring.
  • Hereditary diseases such as Thalassemia or Sickle Cell Anemia.

Risk factors for anemia

There are many factors that increase the risk of developing anemia, some of which can be stated as follows:

  1. Food without iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid: People who eat food that does not contain or contain a little of these elements are more likely to develop anemia. Intestinal diseases: Intestinal diseases such as Crohn's disease and celiac disease affect the absorption of food from the intestine, thus increasing the risk of anemia.
  2. Menstruation: In general, women who have monthly incubations are more likely to develop anemia than men, as well as more likely to be infected than women who have stopped menstruating, as period causes the deficiency of red platelets.
  3. Pregnancy: Pregnant women who do not take fortified vitamins and folic acid are at increased risk of anemia.
  4. Family history: If the family has people with hereditary anemia, such as sickle cell anemia, its members are more likely to develop anemia as well.
  5. Age: People over 65 years of age are more likely to develop anemia.

Anemia prevention

There are some types of anemia that cannot be prevented, but some of them can be prevented, such as anemia caused by a lack of vitamins and iron, and it is recommended to eat healthy food that contains the necessary vitamins, and the following is a statement of that:

  • Iron: From foods rich in iron: beef, chicken, shellfish, lentils, beans, green leafy vegetables, and dried fruits.
  • Folic: It is found in fruits and their juices, green leafy vegetables, peas, peanuts, and whole-grain products such as; Bread, pasta, and rice.
  • Vitamin C: It is rich in citrus fruits, peppers, broccoli, tomatoes, strawberries, and melons, and these foods help increase iron absorption.
  • Vitamin B12: It is found in meat, milk products, and seafood such as; Salmon, soy products, and fortified cereals. If a person doubts that he is getting sufficient amounts of these vitamins from his diet, he can consult a doctor to determine whether he needs to take fortified vitamins.

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