Varicose vein symptoms

Varicose veins can be defined as swollen, blue cords that appear under the surface of the skin, and the most affected areas are the feet and legs. The legs are mostly harmless, although they sometimes cause pain, and most varicose veins are superficial, that is, they affect the superficial veins due to the weakness of their muscles compared to the deep ones, and this does not prevent the possibility of infection with the deep veins, and then the varicose veins are not clearly visible despite causing swelling and pain. injured leg. In fact, the occurrence of varicose veins can be interpreted as a disorder of the vein valve, which makes blood collect in the vein and the muscles of its walls lose the ability to push blood, and this, in turn, causes an increase in pressure in it, and perhaps this explains the swelling of the damaged vein.

Varicose vein symptoms

Varicose vein symptoms

There are some symptoms and signs that may appear on those with varicose veins, including the following:

  • Swelling of the vein and its appearance in blue, as mentioned above.
  • Feeling of heaviness in the leg, especially after exercising and in the evening.
  • If the area has been cut or damaged, the area will bleed longer than usual.
  • Liposuction, which is defined as the hardening of the subcutaneous fat that covers the area just above the ankle, causing atrophy of the skin.
  • Capillaries in the affected leg expand, causing what is known as spider veins.
  • Swollen ankles.
  • A change in the color of the skin around the affected area to brown or blue.
  • Feeling of leg cramps when standing up suddenly.
  • Stasis dermatitis, which is redness, dryness, and itching in the affected area.
  • restless leg syndrome.
  •  Atrophy Blanche, which is the appearance of white, scar-like spots on the ankle.

Causes of varicose veins

There are some factors that cause varicose veins, which are summarized as follows:

  • Age: As the blood vessels lose their elasticity with age, which causes their expansion and expansion, and this may lead to weak valves in the veins, which causes blood to collect in the vein and flow in the opposite direction.
  • Pregnancy: the volume of blood in the body increases during pregnancy, but the blood flow from the lungs to the pelvis decreases, which causes the appearance of varicose veins, and the change in the level of hormones may play a role in its appearance during pregnancy, and it is worth noting that most cases of varicose veins heal without treatment within three to twelve months after birth.

risk factors

There are some factors that increase the risk of developing varicose veins, including the following:

  1. Gender: Women are more likely to develop varicose veins compared to men, and this can be explained by the fact that women go through stages in which hormone levels differ, such as during pregnancy, before menstruation, and upon reaching menopause, it is known that hormones help relax blood vessels, and accordingly It is believed that taking contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy may increase the risk of developing varicose veins.
  2. Family history: The appearance of varicose veins in one family increases the risk of infection in other people.
  3. Obesity: Being overweight or obese creates additional pressure on the veins, which increases the risk of developing varicose veins.
  4. Sitting or standing for long periods: Not changing the position of the body for long periods causes disturbances in the blood flow through the circulatory system, and this, in turn, increases the risk of developing varicose veins.

Varicose veins treatment

Varicose veins are not often treated, but if they cause discomfort and pain, treatment can be used to relieve symptoms and control complications, and treatment options include the following:

  • Self-care: In cases where the specialist intends to treat the injured, he often recommends following self-care tips for approximately six months, and these tips include the following:
  • Exercising regularly.
  • Avoid standing for long periods.
  • Elevate the affected leg when lying down and rest.
  • The use of compression stockings: After asking and consulting the doctor, because they are not suitable for all patients, it is necessary to undergo a test to check whether they are suitable for the patient, and despite their ability to relieve the symptoms and signs that the patient complains of, their effect In preventing the progression and worsening of varicose veins and preventing the emergence of new varicose veins is not clear until now. In the event that they are used, they must be changed and replaced every three to six months, and it is worth noting that they must be washed with warm water and dried away from direct heat sources. It is worth noting that the compression stockings must be worn in the morning upon waking until the evening before bedtime. Medical care: In cases where the patient does not respond to self-care, some other treatment options can be resorted to, including the following:
  • Sclerotherapy: This type of treatment does not require anesthesia, and can be performed by the doctor in his clinic, and includes injecting the damaged vein with a substance, and one vein may need to be injected more than once.
  • Laser surgery: In this type, doctors use strong light waves without making an opening or incision.
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